Page 22 - Abrasca Anuário Estatístico 2018
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    Retrospectiva Retrospective
       BRASIL VOLTA PARA A 8a POSIÇÃO NO RANKING MUNDIAL
Com a retomada do crescimento econômico em 2017, o Brasil voltou a ser o oitavo maior PIB global. Há dois anos o país ocupava a nona colocação, reflexo da recessão econômica iniciada em 2014. O FMI prevê que o Brasil deve permanecer como oitava economia mundial até 2021.
Apesar de sair da recessão com crescimento de 1% no ano passado, o PIB brasileiro ficou em último lugar em um ranking de 45 países que divulgaram suas contas nacionais, segundo levantamento da Austin Rating. A lista é liderada pela Romênia, que registrou crescimento de 6,9%, seguida pela China, com 6,8%, Filipinas, 6,7% e Índia que ocupou o quarto lugar ao exibir uma taxa de 6,7%. Para 2018, o economista-chefe da Austin Rating, Alex Agostini, prevê expansão de 2,8% do PIB, o que deve colocar o país na 20a colocação desse ranking.
whose GDP grew by 0.8%. The other countries, however, performed much better: China grew by 6.9%, India by 6.7%, and Russia by 1.5%. Among Latin American countries, Brazil’s growth was higher than the quarterly GDP of Chile (+ 0.2%), Colombia (-0.2%) and Paraguay (-0.3%).
For 2018, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) report, released in April, predicts that Brazil should grow by 2.3% and by 2.5% in 2019. Internally, the Focus report of the Central Bank points to a rise of 2.75% of GDP in 2018 and 3% in 2019. If the prediction is confirmed, Brazil will grow more than the average of the Latin American countries, whose IMF estimate is a high of 2% this year.
BRAZIL RETURNS TO 8TH POSITION IN THE WORLD RANKING
With the resumption of economic growth in 2017, Brazil returned to be the eighth largest global GDP. Two years ago, the country was in the ninth place, reflecting the economic recession that began in 2014. The IMF predicts that Brazil should remain as the eighth world economy until 2021.
Despite emerging from the recession with 1% growth last year, the Brazilian GDP ranked last in a ranking of 45 countries that released their national accounts, according to a survey by Austin Rating. The list is led by Romania, which recorded growth of 6.9%, followed by China with 6.8%, the Philippines with 6.7%, and India which ranked fourth, with a rate of 6.7%. Austin Rating’s chief economist, Alex Agostini, expects an expansion of 2.8% of GDP for 2018, which should put the country in the 20th place of this ranking.
 PIB Brasileiro X Posição em relação à economia mundial
Brazilian GDP X Position in relation to the global economy
 Ano
Year
  PIB (R$ bilhões)
GDP (R$ billion)
 Crescimento (%)
Growth (%)
 Posição
Position
 2017
  6.559
 1,00%
 8a
 2016
  6.266
 -3,60%
 9a
 2015
  5.904
 -3,80%
 9a
 2014*
  5.521
 0,10%
 7a
 2013
  5.157
 2,70%
 7a
 2012
   4.713
  1,80%
  7a
   2011
 4.143
2,70%
  6a
 2010
   3.675
  7,50%
  7a
   2009
 3.143
-0,30%
  8a
 2008
   3.032
  5,20%
  8a
   Fonte: IBGE. (*) O IBGE fez os cálculos de 2014 com base em uma nova metodologia internacional, adotada por diversos países, e também revisou os dados do PIB nos dois anos anteriores. Em 2012, a taxa passou de 1% para 1,8%. Em 2013, de 2,5% para 2,7%.
Source: IBGE. (*) The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) based the 2014 calculations on a new international methodology adopted in several countries, and also revised the GDP rate for the two prior years. In 2012, the rate increased from 1% to 1.8%. In 2013, from 2.5% to 2.7%.
10,00% 8,00% 6,00% 4,00% 2,00% 0,00%
-2,00% -4,00% -6,00%
3.143
4.143 3.675
5.157 4.713
5.521
6.266 5.904
6.559
3.032
                     2017: 8a economia mundial
2007: 8th global economy
                        2008 2009
2010 2011 2012 2013
2014 2015
2016 2017
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